According to Dr. David Rothenberg professor of Philosophy and Music at the New Jersey Institute of Technology, in the US, there is a definite possibility that they do. The professor, who is himself a clarinetist, embarked on a preliminary investigation in January-February 2007, when he played a live gig to a group of humpback whales off the coast of Maui, Hawai'i. The music was relayed to the humpbacks (which are renowned for their ‘singing' abilities) via a waterproof aquatic speaker system, and the resulting ‘duets' were recorded via hydrophones for subsequent spectrographic analysis:
"A sound spectrogram suggests that the whale may have altered his song in response to the clarinet."
...says the professor. And the resulting paper ‘Whale Music: Anatomy of an Interspecies Duet' was published in Leonardo Music Journal (MIT), December 2008, Vol. 18, Pages 47-53.
• An alternative version of the paper (To Wail With a Whale: Anatomy of an Interspecies Duet) can be read in full here.
This post originally appeared on Improbable Research.