What you're looking at here are Heiri Strub's illustrations from the 1956 Swiss edition of Hans Christian Andersen's The Tinderbox, a fairly deranged 1835 children's yarn about a trio of magic dogs with eyes the sizes of teacups, mill-wheels, and windmills, respectively.
Plenty of fairy tales are mind-warping, but The Tinderbox is special in that the protagonist murders anybody who gets in his way. He decapitates a witch and "dashes to pieces" an entire royal court using his three goggle-eyed canines. (This being a fairy tale, there's a big wedding party immediately after he commits mass regicide.) Just behold some of Strub's art below.
You can find more wackadoo children's book art at the always entertaining design website 50 Watts.