Scotland's Mysterious Petroglyphs Are About to Become Visible Again

Created by people living 5,000 years ago in Scotland, the Cochno Stone is a beautiful example of ancient European "cup and ring" carving. These are created by making grooves and indentations in the rock, creating vast, swirling patterns that may have guided rivulets of liquid during ceremonies. » 7/18/14 4:02pm 7/18/14 4:02pm

North America's First Foragers Hunted These Elephant-like Creatures

A recent archeological dig in Mexico shows that gomphotheres — an extinct elephant-like animal believed to have disappeared from North America long before humans got there — actually roamed the continent longer than previously thought. Incredibly, the new evidence suggests these large mammals were hunted by the Clovis… » 7/14/14 12:48pm 7/14/14 12:48pm

The Most Popular Sport in North America 900 Years Ago

Beneath the freeways of East St. Louis in Illinois there lie the ruins of a city built nearly a millennium ago, around towering earthen pyramids. Today called Cahokia, it held as many as 40 thousand people, and their influence spread throughout the southeast U.S. — mostly due the popularity of a game called chunkey. » 7/14/14 11:18am 7/14/14 11:18am

Stunning Aerial Images of Hill Forts from Britain's Iron Age

Some 3,000 "hill forts" or "defended enclosures" are scattered across Britain. The elevated land provided a defensive advantage, with lines of fortifications—such as walls and ditches—erected around the hills' contours. Seen from the ground, they must have been imposing; seen from the sky, they're exquisite. » 7/02/14 2:54pm 7/02/14 2:54pm

Wooden Chariots Unearthed At 4000-Year-Old Burial Site In Georgia

Archaeologists in the country of Georgia have discovered an ancient burial site that dates all the way back to the Early Bronze Age. Entombed within the chamber, which researchers say was intended for a chief, were seven bodies, a variety of ceremonial artifacts, and two well-preserved chariots, each with four wooden… » 6/28/14 12:00pm 6/28/14 12:00pm

How Did This Ancient Civilization Avoid War for 2,000 Years?

The Harappan civilization dominated the Indus River valley beginning about five thousand years ago, many of its massive cities sprawling at the edges of rivers that still flow through Pakistan and India today. But its culture remains a mystery. Why did it leave behind no representations of great leaders, nor of… » 6/24/14 5:22pm 6/24/14 5:22pm