The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

Long before we had spacesuits, we had diving suits. The ocean was the first hostile environment that we sent people into, completely covered with protective gear. And the suits that people created with late-18th century or 19th century technology are astonighing to behold. See for yourself!

The first known diving helmet by Edmond Halley, late 17th century

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

"A bell was sent to the bottom, and then weighted, the assistant surviving on the air trapped in the bell, and the diver, wearing another smaller "diving bell" on his head,could make his way around a bit to the extent of the tube which would draw on the air in the bell. The two would be resupplied with air in weight barrels sent down from topside, to be retrieved by the diver and lugged over to the bell." – according to Ptak Science Books.

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

(via History of Diving Museum and Ptak Science Books)

A Diving dress, built by the French aristocrat Pierre Remy de Beauve, 1715

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

One of its two hoses supplied air from the surface via a bellows and the other one evacuated the exhaled air.

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

(via real-funny-lady and Musée Féderic Dumas Sanary sur Mer)

The Lethbridge diving machine by John Lethbridge, 1715

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

This airtight oak barrel was used to salvage valuables from wrecks. Another Englishman, Andrew Becker, developed a similar system in the same year, but that suit had a system of tubes for inhaling and exhaling, too.

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

(via The Breather Site and Ji-Elle)

The Diving Machine of Karl Heinrich Klingert, 1797

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

The inventor tested it in the river of his hometown, Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland). The head of the suit was protected by a cylinder-like tin plate and the design allowed to walk on the riverbed.

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

"It consists of a jacket and trousers made of waterproof leather, a helmet with a porthole, and a metal front. It is linked to a turret with an air reservoir. The reservoir cannot replenish itself, so the suit has a limited dive time duration." – according to Bibliodyssey.

(via Bibliodyssey and Long Live Pitmans Shorthand)

The concept of the Chauncy Hall Suit, 1810

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

(via The National Archives)

The first suit with "heavy-footers" was made by August Siebe in Germany, 1819. A waterproof garment was added in 1837.

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

This type of helmets and equipment was used more than a century.

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

(via The Illustrated London News/Wikimedia Commons and Diving Heritage)

A suit with 20 small portholes, designed by Alphonse and Theodore Carmagnolle in Marseille, France, 1878

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

(via xerposa)

Fleuss Apparatus, 1878

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

The rubberized mask covered the whole face was connected via tubes to a breathing bag. It could be used as a gas mask, too.

(via History of Diving Museum)

A diver goes down to the wreck of the British schooner Cape Horn off the coast of Chile to recover a cargo of sunken copper, 1900

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

(Photo by Topical Press Agency/Getty Images)

One of the first atmospheric diving suits, by M. de Pluvy, 1906

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

(via HDSItalia)

The 550 lbs. aluminum alloy suit, by Chester E. Macduffee, 1911

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

(via Reddit)

Three generations of Neufeldt-Kuhnke suit to work in deep waters, 1917-1940

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

The first model (1917-1923)

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

The second (1923-1929)

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

This third generation shell (produced between 1929-1940) with a closed circuit breathing system was safe up to a depth of 525 feet (160 m), and had a telephone!

(via The Breather Site)

Mr. Peress with his new steel suit, made of Staybrite Silver Steel, at the Olmypia, London, 1925

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

(Photo by E. Bacon/Topical Press Agency/Getty Images)

An instructor checks on a student lying in a decompression chamber during a class at the Gillingham Diving School, Kent, England, 1930

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

(Photo by Fox Photos/Getty Images)

How to build a Diving Helmet from an unused Water Heater, 1932

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

The whole article is available here with all the instructions to build your own helmet. But if you only have a cookie jar, just relax, here's some help on how to make it work:

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

(via Modern Mechanix – 1 and 2)

An Inflatable Suit

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

(via tskcity)

1-Man Sub, 1933

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

(via Modern Mechanix, 1933)

Diving Suits Used to Raise Mastodon Bones, 1933

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

(via Popular Science, October 1933)

Metal Suit, said to enable a diver to descend to a depth of 1,200 feet, 1938

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

(via Mechanix Illustrated, 1938)

The first true automatic autonomous diving suit with pressure regulator and compressed air bottles, the Cousteau-Gagnan diving suit, 1943

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

Marketed since 1946.

(via delcampe)

An atmospheric diving suit which enables a diver to work for unlimited periods at a depth of 1,000 ft (300 m) without the need for a long decompression process, 1974

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

(Photo by Central Press/Getty Images)

Bonus: A woman with a person in deep sea diving gear, c. 1880

The Strange and Wonderful History of Diving Suits, From 1715 to Today

(via Imgur)