Ancient, Predatory "Lobster" is an Ancestor to All Modern Arthropods

More than 250 million years before the first dinosaur, the most fearsome killers on Earth may have been lobsters. Yawunik kootenayi, a common ancestor to spiders, shrimp and butterflies, was a predatory "lobster-like" creature that ruled the seas half a billion years ago. » 3/28/15 1:45pm Saturday 1:45pm

Car-Sized Salamander Fossils Found In Mass Grave In Portugal

Back in the Triassic, giant amphibians were major predators. When their lake home dried up, the creatures — most closely related to modern salamanders — went extinct. And the resulting mass grave of a species called Metoposaurus algarvensis has been found in Portugal. » 3/24/15 12:00am 3/24/15 12:00am

These 500,000-Year-Old Tools Still Contain Traces Of Animal Fat

Archaeologists working in Israel have made an extraordinary discovery — the earliest instance of Lower Paleolithic-Acheulian stone bifaces and scrapers with the residue of elephant fat still on them. It's considered an archaeological first. » 3/20/15 12:40pm 3/20/15 12:40pm

This Crazy-Looking Creature Was The Ocean's First Filter-Feeding Giant

Behold Aegirocassis benmoulae, an extinct creature that swam through the Earth's oceans some 480-million years ago. Discovered by paleontologists in Morocco, it possessed modified legs, gills on its back — and a filter system for feeding. Remarkably, it's the oldest known animal to fill an ecological niche now… » 3/12/15 1:40pm 3/12/15 1:40pm

This Ancient Fossil Just Rewrote The History of Human Evolution

This Ancient Crocodylian Has Set The Record For The Most Powerful Bite

Paleontologists have determined that Purussaurus brasiliensis, a massive caiman that lived in South America during the Late Miocene, evolved the strongest bite of any four-limbed animal. At 15,500 pounds of force, its bite was twice as powerful as the T-rex's. » 2/27/15 11:20am 2/27/15 11:20am

This Is The First Baby Wooly Rhinoceros Ever Discovered

Siberian hunters have stumbled upon the remains of a 10,000-year-old baby wooly rhino. It's the first discovery of its kind, and one of only several wooly rhino specimens ever found. » 2/26/15 8:20am 2/26/15 8:20am

The Remains Of A Stone Age Couple Found In A Spooning Embrace

Archaeologists working at the Alepotrypa Cave in Greece have discovered a rare 5,800-year-old double burial in which two well-preserved skeletons were found in what appears to be the spooning position. » 2/23/15 7:20am 2/23/15 7:20am

A forgotten fossil from the Doncaster Museum and Art Gallery has just now been shown to be a wholly new species of ichthyosaur. The fossil, brought to the museum in the 80s, was thought by the museum to be a plaster cast, until 25-year-old paleontologist Dean Lomax realized it was real in 2008. It's been named … » 2/23/15 4:30am 2/23/15 4:30am

This Is What The Paleo Diet Was Really Like

Reconstructions of human evolution are prone to simple, overly-tidy scenarios. Our ancestors, for example, stood on two legs to look over tall grass, or began to speak because, well, they finally had something to say. Like much of our understanding of early hominid behavior, the imagined diet of our ancestors has… » 2/19/15 2:30pm 2/19/15 2:30pm

How Did Dinosaurs Become Birds?

Most paleontologists agree that birds are living dinosaurs, the distant evolutionary descendants of animals like Tyrannosaurus rex. Less clear, however, is how dinosaurs evolved into the birds we know today. » 2/18/15 4:30pm 2/18/15 4:30pm

This Ancient Rodent Of Unusual Size Fought With Its Tusk-Like Teeth

During the Pliocene period some three million years ago, there lived a bull-sized rodent in what is now South America. A new study suggests these creatures used their 11-inch (30 cm) long incisors for more than just eating, using them like tusks to defend themselves and for digging food. » 2/04/15 9:40am 2/04/15 9:40am

"Dragon" Dinosaur Was 50 Feet Long, Had Most Epic Neck Ever 

Before you get too excited on the heels of today's Game of Thrones news items, we're not talking actual fire-breathing monsters here. However, it's possible this newly discovered dinosaur species could have inspired the dragons that populate Chinese folklore. » 1/30/15 6:00pm 1/30/15 6:00pm

Early Humans May Have Interbred With Neanderthals 55,000 Years Ago

It's widely acknowledged that modern Europeans mated with Neanderthals at some point in the past. We're just not entirely sure when or where. The recent discovery of an ancient skull in Israel may represent the critical missing link anthropologists have been looking for. » 1/29/15 7:40am 1/29/15 7:40am

When Will We Stop Discovering Dinosaurs?

By recent counts, paleontologists have discovered upwards of 500 unique genera and over 1,000 different species of non-avian dinosaurs. How many have yet to be accounted for? More to the point: How many dinosaurs are there even left to find? » 1/28/15 4:40pm 1/28/15 4:40pm

Anthropologists Have Mapped All 61 Tattoos On Ötzi The Iceman

By using an innovative non-invasive photographic technique, European researchers have managed to locate and map the extensive set of tattoos on the exquisitely preserved remains of Ötzi the Iceman. Remarkably, they even found a previously unknown tattoo on his ribcage. » 1/28/15 11:40am 1/28/15 11:40am

This Big-Toothed Fossil May Represent A Primitive New Human Species

The first known prehistoric human from Taiwan has been identified and may represent an entirely new species that lived as recently as 10,000 years ago, according to a new study. » 1/28/15 6:20am 1/28/15 6:20am

Paleontologists have discovered Scotland's first known icthyosaur, a large marine reptile that swam in the seas around Skye some 170 million years ago. Called Dearcmhara shawcrossi (pronounced jark vara ), it's one of only a few species to be given a Gaelic name. The creature was about 13 feet long and hunted fish and… » 1/12/15 5:40pm 1/12/15 5:40pm

Discovery Of Dinosaur "Death Trap" Suggests Utahraptors Hunted In Packs

Paleontologists working in Utah have stumbled upon a remarkable Cretaceous scene preserved in sandstone. It appears that an entire pack of Utahraptors — a species closely related to Velociraptors — got stuck in quicksand and died together while hunting. » 1/07/15 6:20am 1/07/15 6:20am

Dinosaur 13 And The Story of Sue